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Mount Agung Status and Updates – Bali volcano eruption 2017

Mount Agung’s warning level has just been upgraded to level IV, the highest level of danger for a volcano, by the PVMBG Geological Agency. People are advised to avoid going within a radius of 9 kilometers from the top crater of the volcano and up to 12 kilometers in the North, Northeast, Southeast and South-Southwest of the mountain.

Animals have been observed descending the mountain. Many of the surrounding villages have been evacuated to safe shelters. Demand for food and daily necessities is to be expected and hopefully I can update donation methods as they come available.

After the warning went to level IV, it seems like many people were expecting it to erupt straight away. If we look at the 1963 eruption of Mt Agung, the first lava flows started towards the end of February, the pre-eruption phase began on March 8th and on March 18, it blew its top (source).

The airport is expected to close if and when the volcano erupts and volcanic ash released into the atmosphere. Lombok and Surabaya are being prepared in case Bali’s airport is closed, but depending on the wind direction these airports could also have their flights affected.

If you are traveling in Bali, you should contact your airline to check if your flights have been affected and if they are organizing alternative flights. If you have a holiday in Bali booked in the next few months, you could try contacting your airline to see if an alternative destination can be arranged.

Latest seismic activity

Red: Non-harmonic tremor

Orange: volcanic shallow

Light green: volcanic internal

Light blue: felt tremors

Blue: local tertonic

Purple: distant tertonic

What to do?

If you are in the affected areas, you will need to evacuate. Police and government officials are organizing evacuations. Refuge centers are being set up around the island.

Outside of the evacuation areas, the danger lies in the ash cloud which contains poisonous gases and particles. It is advised to stay indoors during this time. You can also wear masks and cover your skin and wear eye protection.

Elderly, young children and people with respiratory problems are likely to be more effected by the ash cloud. If it becomes more severe, it may be advisable to move to another island such as Java, until the ash subsides.

volcano mask

Visas

In the recent volcano eruption in Java, where many outgoing flights from Bali were affected, tourists did not have to pay fines for overstaying their visas. I would however not take this leniency for granted and you should always make sure you are within the limits of your stay where possible.

Donations

Donations for food and supplies can be made at Tana Ampo Cruise Terminal which is the command centre for Manggis evacuation camp.

Red Cross drop off point in Sanur:

Jl. Kutat Lestari, No. 69
Behind new Bali Mandara hospital

Request items include: Rice, noodles, toiletries, towels, pillows, nappies (diapers), baby formula, masks, cooking utensils

BARC are helping to take care of any animals left behind.

East Bali Poverty Project (EBPP)

EBPP TEAM ARE IN NORTH BALI AND URGENTLY NEED THESE SUPPLIES:
Bottled water, staple foods (rice, egg, noodles, etc), baby foods & diapers, formula milk, first aid supplies, hygiene kits, smog masks, etc.
PLEASE DONATE NOW!
Wire transfer:
Bank: BNI
Account name: Yayasan Ekoturisme Indonesia
Account number: 0055 295 647
Swift code: BNI NI DJA RNN
Donate to our PayPal a/c: info@eastbalipovertyporject.org; a/c name: Yayasan Ekoturisme Indonesia
Donate online: www.kitabisa/mtagung

Kopernik: https://kopernik.info/project/mount-agung-emergency-response

C3 North Kuta international church:

From the results of coordination with Disaster Preparedness Team in Karangasem, which is needed as follows; masks, eye drops, milk, dry food for children, telon oil, eucalyptus oil and blankets. Our international church c3 north kuta will give and help. We will go on Oct 2, at 8am from c3 north Kuta office to be given. Donations are welcome. Please contact C3churchnorthkuta@gmail.com forNdetails. Or WA +628175210275.

Villages that have been evacuated

Tista
Culik
Kesimpar
Laba Sari
Nawa Kerti
Kubu
Sukadana
Batu Ringgit
Ababi
Abang
Bebandem
Sibetan
Budakeling
Duda
Duda Utara
Selat
Pering Sari
Muncan
Duda Timur
Menanga

Evacuation Points

A. Singaraja (Les)
1. Evacuees = 36,900
2. Officials = 1,846
Total = 38,746

B. Abang
1. Evacuees = 43,968
2. Officials = 2,199
Total = 46,167

C. Manggis
1. Evacuees = 50.830
2. Officials = 3,042
Total = 63,872

D. Klk
1. Evacuees = 42,381
2. Officials = 2,119
Total = 44,500,

Explanation of Indonesia’s volcano monitoring system:

Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI)

VEI was created by Hawaii University in 1982 to measure explosiveness of volcanic eruptions. The index goes from 0 to 8. With 8 being the largest eruption. The 1963 Mt Agung was VEI5.

Pinatubo (1991) – VEI6
St Helens (1980) – VEI5

Expected areas to be affected:

Mt Agung volcano

Seismic activity:

Key –

Red: Non-harmonic tremor

Orange: volcanic shallow

Light green: volcanic internal

Light blue: felt tremors

Blue: local tertonic

Purple: distant tertonic

Useful Links:

Magma Indonesia:

Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM):

https://magma.vsi.esdm.go.id/ Indonesia’s Geological Agency

Badan Geologi:

http://www.bgl.esdm.go.id/

How to prepare for the volcano

https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/volcanoes/before.html

International Volcanic Health Hazard Network: http://www.ivhhn.org/

Previous Eruption

Mount Agung erupted previously in 1963. The lava started flowing on February 24, traveling 7km down the mountain. Explosions and smoke started appearing 20 days before this. It then erupted on March 17 with debris being flown 8 to 10 kilometers into the air. Around 1,900 people were killed from the lava and volcanic mud, which flowed for 20 days. The ash was said to have reached Jakarta.

Eruption in 1963:

Source: http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/agung%E2%80%99s-eruption-wrath-gods

Terminology

Pyroclastic flow: a fast-moving current of hot gas and volcanic matter. Speeds can be up to 700 km/
h with temperatures exceeding 1000 degree centigrade.

Lahar: slurry of rock and water that can flow tens of meters per second destroying everything in its path. It is derived from the Javanese language meaning “flowing lava”.

Stratovolcano: a tall, conical volcano composed of one layer of hardened lava, tephra, and volcanic ash. These volcanoes are characterized by a steep profile and periodic, explosive eruptions. The lava that flows from them is highly viscous, and cools and hardens before spreading very far.

Other Info

Height: 3,142 meters (highest point in Bali)
Volcano type: stratovolcano
Previous eruptions: 1963, 1843
Emergency radio: 146.800 MHz
Disaster relief center: 0813 5396 5324

A useful explanation as to the steps leading up to a volcano eruption.

Press release from the Bali tourist board (click on image to expand):

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